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Akanksha Kapoor

Core-shell InGaN/GaN wires for Flexible LEDs

Published on 4 June 2020
Thesis presented June 04, 2020

The InGaN/GaN-based planar heterostructures are now widely used to produce light emitting diodes (LEDs). The blue LEDs and phosphor-converted white LEDs are already commercialized with high efficiencies. But further scope to reach long wavelength emission with improved efficiencies and mitigating issues likes efficiency droop and poor light extraction still remains. This Ph.D. thesis presents the use of core-shell InGaN/GaN wires as an attractive choice for visible LEDs thanks to their smaller footprint, high aspect ratio and low defect density. The bendable wires also allow fabricating LEDs with flexibility in view of rapidly growing demands for rollable displays, wearable devices, flexible biomedical instruments, etc. This work focuses on a complete study, beginning from the self-assembled growth of m-plane core-shell InGaN/GaN wires by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy to their integration in working devices on flexible substrates, especially on original green-emitting heterostructures. The influence of an InGaN under layer (UL) and GaN-spacer is investigated to improve the efficiency of a blue single quantum well. It is found that the presence of a GaN spacer is required to achieve efficient m-plane emission from core-shell wires, while no internal quantum efficiency change is observed by adding an InGaN UL. Further, flexible LEDs with different wavelengths such as blue, green and dual-color emission have been realized by tuning the indium content inside InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well heterostructures followed by a comprehensive study correlating structural, optical and electrical properties. The use of selective area growth is also approached to address the issues encountered in device emission and remaining challenges in the reproducibility control are discussed. To target white light emission, an optimization study of yellow phosphors combined with the well-established blue LED has also been performed.

InGaN/GaN, Green emission, Flexible devices, Phosphors

On-line thesis.